• Volume 15, Issue 1

      March 1994,   pages  1-102

    • Preface

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    • Planck’s law and the light quantum hypothesis

      Satyendranath Bose

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      The phase space of a light quantum in a given volume is subdivided into “cells” of magnitudeh3. The number of possible distributions of the light quanta of a macroscopically defined radiation over these cells gives the entropy and with it all thermodynamic properties of the radiation.

    • Correlation between photons in two coherent beams of light

      R. Hanbury Brown R. Q. Twiss

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    • Reproduced fromNature (1956)17 8, 1449–50

      E. M. Purcell

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    • Bose statistics and the stars

      R. Hanbury Brown

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      A brief account is given of the early development of a new sources. Following the chance discovery that it was unaffected by scintillation it was proposed to apply the same principle to measuring visible stars. This proposal met with vigorous opposition from physicists when it was realised that it implied that the time of arrival of photons in two mutually coherent beams of light must be correlated. Two laboratory experiments were done to demonstrate that this correlation does in fact take place. Then, after a pilot model had measured the angular size of Sirius, a full scale stellar intensity interferometer was built and installed at Narrabri in Australia. In a programme lasting 12 years it measured the angular diameters of 32 single stars in the spectral range O to F and established the first wholly empirical temperature scale for stars in that range. For the last 10 years the work has been continued by the construction of the larger and more sensitive Sydney University Stellar Interferometer called SUSI.

    • The R Coronae Borealis stars — A few mere facts

      David L. Lambert N. Kameswara Rao

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      This review presents a selection of recent highlights of observations of R Coronae Borealis variables. Emphasis is placed on an abundance analysis of a complete sample (18 stars) of the warm galactic RCBs. It is shown that 14 of the 18 have very similar compositions: the iron mass fraction ranges about a factor of 3 around the solar value (assuming C/He = 3%) but abundance ratios X/Fe for elements from Na to Ba show little variation. By contrast, the other 4 stars are deficient in iron but not in Na, Si, S and some other elements. With for example, [Si/Fe] ≃ 2, the quartet is indeed ‘peculiar’. One of the quartet, V854 Cen shows depletions of elements (other than CNO) similar to the depletions seen in interstellar medium corresponding to average logn(Htot) = − 1.5. Scenarios for creating RCB from normal single and double stars are summarised.

    • The spatial distribution of pulsars and the spiral structure of the Galaxy

      R. Ramachandran A. A. Deshpande

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      We have looked for and found a possible spatial correlation between the present pulsar distribution and the estimated locations of the spiral arms at earlier epochs. Through a detailed statistical analysis we find a significant correlation between the present distribution of pulsars and the mass distribution (in the spiral arms) expected about 60 Myr ago for a corotation resonance radius of 14kpc. We discuss the implications of this correlation for the minimum mass of the progenitors of pulsars. Interpreting the spread in the locations of pulsars with respect to the past locations of the spiral arms as predominantly due to their space velocities, we derive an average velocity for the pulsar population.

    • Observations of enhanced sub-iron (Sc-Cr) to iron abundance ratios in the low energy galactic cosmic rays in Spacelab-3 and their implications

      S. Biswas N. Durgaprasad R. K. Singh M. N. Vahia J. S. Yadav A. Dutta J. N. Goswami

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      The Anuradha cosmic ray experiment in Spacelab-3, flown in the orbit at 350 km with an inclination of 57° for about six days, was used to measure the low energy galactic cosmic ray (GCR) heavy ions using a specially designed CR-39 detector module incorporating the arrival time information of the particles. The abundances of sub-iron (Sc-Cr) and iron particles in the low energy interval of 30–300 MeV/N were determined from the measurements made in four different depths of the CR-39 detector module of 150 layers. From these studies we obtained sub-iron (Sc-Cr) to iron abundance ratios of 0.8 to 1.2 in 30–300 MeV/N energy range. It is found that these ratios are enhanced by a factor of two as compared to interplanetary ratios of about 0.5. It is shown that the enhancement of the ratio inside the earth’s magnetosphere is probably due to the degree of ionization of low energy Sc to Cr and Fe ions in the galactic cosmic rays and to the rigidity filtering effects of the geomagnetic field. Further studies are needed to understand fully the phenomena and their implications.

    • Application of INSAT satellite cloud-imagery data for site evaluation work of proposed GRACE observatory

      R. K. Kaul C. L. Bhat M. L. Sapru M. K. Kaul

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      The weather-imageries from the INSAT group of satellites provide reliable and concurrent multistation cloud-cover data — an important input for a proper selection of an observatory site for optical, infra-red and γ-ray astronomy work. Using these data, it is shown that Gurushikar, Mt. Abu, promises to be an excellent site for setting up the proposed GRACE facility for high-sensitivity Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Cerenkov Experiments.

  • Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | News

    • Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on January 27, 2016

      Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately. All these have helped shorten the publication time and have improved the visibility of the articles.

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

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