Volume 8, Issue 4
December 1987, pages 275-395
pp 275-280 December 1987
We show that, the part of the universe that is observable today (in principle), could not have evolved out of a domain which was causally connected in the past. This and other issues related to horizon problem in inflationary models are discussed.
pp 281-294 December 1987
The refraction of radio waves as they traverse through the terrestrial ionosphere and troposphere introduces a differential phase path which results for a radio interferometer in variations of the visibility phase. Though refraction due to troposphere is significant for synthesis radio telescopes operating at 1.0 GHz and above, ionospheric refraction is dominant at lower frequencies. This problem is important in the case of Ooty Synthesis Radio Telescope (OSRT) operating at 326.5 MHz, due to its proximity to the magnetic equator. This paper deals with the nature of phase variations suffered by OSRT due to refraction and explains the methodology evolved to alleviate them.
pp 295-303 December 1987
The Hα observations of a flare-associated surge prominence on 1980 October 30 have been described. Morphology and dynamics of the surge prominence have been presented. From our observations and analysis we have estimated the magnetic field associated with surge material to be about 35 gauss which is in good agreement with the earlier result of Tandberg-Hanssen & Malville (1974). It has been determined that coronal pressure is not acting as a resistive force on the outward expansion of the surge into the corona. The kinetic energy of the surge was about 1028 erg, which is 2 orders less than required for the mass to escape the chromosphere. It appears that the flare-associated surge prominence was perhaps a result of kink instability in the flaring region.
pp 305-314 December 1987
The thermosolutal-convective instability of a stellar atomsphere is studied in the presence of suspended particles. The criteria for monotonic instability are derived and are found to hold good also in the presence of uniform rotation and uniform magnetic field on the thermosolutal-convective instability. The thermosolutal-convective instability of a stellar atmosphere is also studied in the presence of suspended particles and radiative transfer effects and the criteria for monotonic instability are obtained in terms of source function.
pp 315-329 December 1987
We present here, for the O and B type stars in the Catalogue of Stellar Ultraviolet Fluxes, an approach which does not require a precise knowledge of spectral type and luminosity class for derivingE(B-V) colour excesses. The method is based on the use of an UV-visual two-colour diagram; galactic variations in the interstellar extinction law are analyzed and fully taken into account. Our results have been compared with those derived by using the differences between observed and intrinsic colours for stars with known spectral classification. The very good agreement in a large number of cases (94 per cent) demonstrates that our approach permits the derivation of reliable colour excess values for early type stars even if only a rough spectral classification is available.
pp 331-341 December 1987
Using a direct numerical procedure we approximate a ’realistic’ potential for an elliptical galaxy by that of a perturbed harmonic oscillator. The quality of fitting is checked using two criteria. First by computing the value of the fitting parameterf, and second by comparing the behaviour of orbits for the two potentials. Both criteria suggest that the fitting is good when the total energyh is smaller than the energy of escape in the unharmonic potential.
pp 343-350 December 1987
A mixture of off-centred Gaussians is used to approximate the predicted monochromatic point spread functions (PSFs) of Hubble space telescope (HST) at long wavelengths, and also, with a reduced number of parameters, the wide-band PSFs. The usefulness of the approximation in simulation and analysis of HST data is shown by means of application to image centring and convolution-deconvolution problems.
pp 351-367 December 1987
Described here is a preliminary and tentative application of a method for fine-classification of stars, selected for studies of galactic structure. The present investigation is based on about 100 stars within the approximate spectral type range B6-A5, for which both spectra andUBV photometry have been obtained.
The motivation of the project is the following: For the study of galactic fine-structure it is essential to use as many members as possible of stellar agglomerations of various type for a statistical treatment of the material. A-type stars are fairly numerous and reasonably bright, but if all chemically peculiar stars, fast rotators or multiple systems have to be omitted there is generally too little left for a relevant investigation. Here we perform some experiments in order to find a method for fine-classification of A stars, both normal and chemically peculiar, within the framework of the M K system.
In this connection it is desirable to reduce the present multitude of CP classifications to a manageable number. It is shown here that, independenttly of the definition of the degree of peculiarity, there is no sharp borderline separating the CP stars from the ‘normal’ ones.
Also it is found that spectral classification can on an average be performed with almost the same accuracy for CP stars as for the ‘normal’ ones provided cases of extreme peculiarity are avoided.
pp 369-387 December 1987
Optical spectroscopic data are presented on nova LW Serpentis 1978, obtained during its decline fromV 9.0 to ≃10.2 (compared to a value of ∼ 8.0 at recorded maximum). The spectrum and its evolution compare well with a typical nova, though the principal absorption (∼ −750 km s−l) was very weak in comparison with the diffuse-enhanced absorption (∼ −1300 km s−1). The principal absorption could be identified only in the lines of O I λλ7774, 8446, and in moderate-resolution observations of Hα. The salient features of spectral evolution follow: The near-infrared triplet of Ca n continuously weakened. O I λ8446 was always brighter than O I λ 7774, indicating continued importance of Lyman Β fluorescence. The lines due to [O I], [N II] and N n brightened considerably near the end of our observations (37 days from maximum). The Hα emission line was asymmetric all through with more emission towards the red. Its emission profile showed considerable structure. Based on the individual peaks in the Hα line profile, a kinematical model is proposed for the shell of LW Ser. The model consists of an equatorial ring, and a polar cone on the side away from the earth. The nearer polar cone did not show significant emission of Hα during our observations. The polar axis of the shell is inclined at a small angle (∼ 15‡) to the line of sight.
pp 389-395 December 1987
BV photometry of HD 116204 obtained on 57 nights during 1983–84, 1984–85 and 1986–87 observing season is presented. A photometric period of 21.9 ± 0.2 d and a mean (B-V)= 1.196 ± 0.010 are obtained. It is suggested that the binary HD 116204 has a mass ratio close to unity. Attempts are needed to detect the spectrum of secondary.
Volume 40 | Issue 2
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