• Volume 116, Issue 4

      July 2004,   pages  187-241

    • Sugar amino acids and related molecules: Some recent developments

      Tushar Kanti Chakraborty Pothukanuri Srinivasu Subhasish Tapadar Bajjuri Krishna Mohan

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      To meet the growing demands for the development of new molecular entities for discovering new drugs and materials, organic chemists have started working on many new concepts that can help to assimilate knowledge-based structural diversities more efficiently than ever before. Emulating the basic principles followed by Nature to build its vast repertoire of biomolecules, organic chemists are developing many novel multifunctional building blocks and using them to create ‘nature-like’ and yet unnatural organic molecules. Sugar amino acids constitute an important class of such polyfunctional scaffolds where the carboxyl, amino and hydroxyl termini provide an excellent opportunity to organic chemists to create structural diversities akin to Nature’s molecular arsenal. In recent years, sugar amino acids have been used extensively in the area of peptidomimetic studies. Advances made in the area of combinatorial chemistry can provide the necessary technological support for rapid compilations of sugar amino acidbased libraries exploiting the diversities of their carbohydrate frameworks and well-developed solid-phase peptide synthesis methods. This perspective article chronicles some of the recent applications of various sugar amino acids, furan amino acids, pyrrole amino acids etc. and many other related building blocks in wide-ranging peptidomimetic studies

    • A new Mannich base and its transition metal (II) complexes — Synthesis, structural characterization and electrochemical study

      N Raman S Esthar C Thangaraja

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      A new Mannich base, N-(1-morpholinobenzyl) semicarbazide (MBS), formed by the condensation of morpholine, semicarbazide and benzaldehyde, and its Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II) and Zn(II) complexes have been synthesized. Their structures have been elucidated on the basis of analytical, magnetic, electrical conductivity and spectral study as well as elemental analyses. The complexes exhibit square-planar geometry. The monomeric and non-electrolytic nature of the complexes is evidenced by their magnetic susceptibility and low conductance data. The electrochemical property of the ligand and its complexes in acetonitrile solution was studied by cyclic voltammetry. The X-band ESR spectra of the Cu(II) complex in DMSO at 300 and 77 K were recorded and their salient features are reported

    • Copper(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II) and zinc(II) complexes of Schiff base derived from benzil-2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone with aniline

      N Raman S Ravichandran C Thangaraja

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      New Schiff base chelates of Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) derived from benzil-2,4-dinitro-phenylhydrazone with aniline have been synthesised. Microanalytical data, molar conductance, and magnetic susceptibility values have been obtained, and IR,1H NMR,13C NMR, UV-Vis, CV and EPR spectral studies have been carried out to suggest tentative structures for the complexes

    • Interaction of zinc and cobalt with dipeptides and their DNA binding studies

      P Rabindra Reddy M Radhika K Srinivas Rao

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      Interactions of zinc and cobalt with peptides cysteinylglycine and histidylglycine have been studied. The binding modes were identified and geometry assigned. Stabilities of these complexes and their ability to bind DNA have been investigated. It is demonstrated that only zinc complexes bind DNA as compared to cobalt complexes

    • Naphthyl azomesogens with lateral chloro groups

      A K Prajapati H M Pandya N L Bonde

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      A homologous series of azomesogens, 2″-[4-(4′-n-alkoxybenzoyloxy)-2-chlorophenylazo] naphthalenes, with lateral chloro groups was synthesised. All the homologues synthesized exhibit enantiotropic nematic mesophase. The mesomorphic properties of the present series are compared with other structurally related series to evaluate the effect of lateral chloro group and its position on mesomorphism

    • Basicities of some 9-substituted acridine-4-carboxamides: A density functional theory (DFT) calculation

      Raghab Parajuli C Medhi

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      Acid-base properties of drugs are important in understanding the behaviour of these compounds under physiological condition. In order to understand such behaviour the proton affinities of acri-dine 4-carboxamides with substitution (R) at the 9-position are theoretically studied, and considered for the basic sites of both the heterocyclic ring as well as side chain nitrogens. In 9-amino acridine 4-carbox-amide, the -NH2 group is observed to be an additional basic site. The heterocyclic nitrogen of substituted carboxamides (R =-NH2, -O-methyl, -O-ethyl, and -O-phenyl) is more basic than the side chain nitrogen, however, side chain nitrogen corresponds to more basic site for some carboxamides (R = -OH and-Cl) and the -NH2 group represents the least basic site of 9-amino acridine 4-carboxamide. In addition to presenting the basicities of these drugs an indication of another hydrogen-bond between heterocyclic ring N and carboxamide chain O is observed. The difference of basicities with substituents at 9-position are very narrow and carboxamides with substituents at 9-position are found to be suitable for studying intramolecular H-bonds between the heterocyclic N and carboxamide O. The resultant stabilization of a configuration due to such H-bonding is determined

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