• Volume 6, Issue 6

      December 1984,   pages  795-866

    • Molecular organization of great millet (Sorghum vulgare) DNA

      Lakshmi Sivaraman Vidya S Gupta P K Ranjekar

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      Approximately 52% of the nuclear genome of great millet(Sorghum vulgare) consists of repetitive DNA which can be grouped into very fast, fast and slow components. The reiteration frequencies of the fast and slow reassociating components are {dy7000} and 92 respectively. Approximately 90% of the genome consists of repeated sequences interspersed amongst themselves and with single copy sequences. The interspersed repeat sequences are of three sizesviz. > 1·5 kilobase pairs, 0·5–1·0 kilobase pairs and 0·15–0·30 kilobase pairs while the size of the single copy sequences is 3·0 kilobase pairs. Hence the genome organization of great millet is essentially of a mixed type

    • Increased circulatory half-life of liposomes after conjunction with dextran

      D Pain P K Das P Ghosh B K Bachhawat

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      Dextran was covalently coupled to neutral unilamellar liposomes. Dextran conjugated liposomes were cleared from the circulation at a much slower rate than unconjugated liposomes. The uptake of dextran conjugated liposomes by liver and spleen was also decreased. The amount of dextran on the surface of liposomes was found to be a determining factor for their stability in circulation. Dextran conjugated liposomes therefore may be a more effective way of controlled drug release

    • Influence of formamide on the thermal stability of DNA

      Chanchal Sadhu Santanu Dutta K P Gopinathan

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      The utility of formamide in the denaturation and renaturation of DNA has been examined. The melting temperature of duplex DNA is lowered by 0·6°C per per cent formamide. The depression of melting temperature is independent of the GC content. Formamide also increases the width of the thermal transition. Upto 30%, it does not affect the rate of DNA reassociation

    • Fluorescence studies on concanavalin-A

      M V R Rao M Atreyi M R Rajeswari

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      Using the lectin-concanavalin-A, the tryptophan fluorescence as a function of pH was studied. The pH dependent, fluorescence intensity changes were significantly higher when excited at 305 nm, than when irradiated at 280nm. Only one tryptophanyl per monomer of concanavalin-A was available for oxidation by N-bromosuccinimide in the dimeric form at pH 4·9; no tryptophanyl could be oxidised in the demetallised dimer (pH 3·0) and native tetramer (pH 7·0). Based on this fluorescence data and the already known crystal structure data, it appears that tryptophanyl 88 in concanavalin-A may be selectively excited by 305 nm radiation

    • Degradation of the herbicide diclofop-methyl in soil and influence of pesticide mixtures on its persistence

      N G K Karanth J P E Anderson K H Domsch

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      The degradation of the herbicide [14C]-diclofopmethyl was investigated in moist parabrown podzol soil at 22°C. Radiochemical procedures were used to monitor the herbicide breakdown. The mineralization of the uniformly labelled aromatic ring was pursued by trapping the14CO2 generated for 96 days. Diclofop-methyl was rapidly degraded in the soil with a half-life of about 8 days. The major breakdown product was the corresponding acid-diclofop, formed by a very rapid hydrolysis of the esterbond. With time the acid appeared to undergo strong binding or complexing to the soil. An intermediate 4-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy) phenol was recovered from the treated soil. Concentration of the phenoxyphenol increased upto 6 days followed by quick decline. Insecticide combination of parathion + Demeton-Smethylsulphoxide partially inhibited diclofop degradation in the soil

    • The response ofRhizobium meliloti to L-methionine DL-sulphoximine

      S Prakash Rao Usha George V V Modi

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      A strain ofRhizobium meliloti has been shown to be capable of growth in the presence of methionine sulphoximine concentrations at least two orders of magnitude higher than that required for the complete inhibition of glutamine synthetase activity. Neither the specific growth rate, nor the nutritional requirements of the organism were affected by methionine sulphoximine in the medium.Rhizobium meliloti appeared to assimilate ammoniavia the glutamate dehydrogenase pathway during growth in the presence of methionine sulphoximine. This suggests thatRhizobium meliloti may have some regulatory mechanism controlling ammonia assimilation that is not present in other enterobacteria possessing similar enzymatic machinery

    • Mechanistic studies on carboxypeptidase A from goat pancreas Part I: Role of tyrosine residue at the active site

      R D Dua Kamlesh Gupta

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      Chemical modification of carboxypeptidase Ag1 from goat pancreas with Nacetylimidazole or iodine led to loss of enzymic activity. This loss in activity could be prevented when chemical modification was carried out in the presence of Β-phenylpropionic acid or substrate NCbz-glycyl-L-phenylalanine, thus suggesting a tyrosine residue at the active site. Chemical modification of tyrosine was confirmed by spectral and kinetic studies. While tyrosine modification destroyed peptidase activity, esterase activity of the enzyme remained unchanged thus indicating non-involvement of tyrosine residue in ester hydrolysis

    • Role of ascorbic acid in metabolism of rat testis and epididymis in relation to the onset of puberty

      N J Chinoy M V Rao R Asok Kumar

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      The metabolism of ascorbic acid, cholesterol, serum testosterone level and activities of 3Β and 17Β hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases were studied in testis and Cauda epididymis of prepubertal, pubertal and postpubertal (5, 15, 30, 45, 55 and 60 day old) rats. The data showed that serum testosterone levels and 3Β and 17Β hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases were increased with the age. The ascorbic acid metabolism was found to be stabilized in testis at day 30 being comparable with the adult, whereas a spurt in its metabolism occurred by day 45 and a significant depletion in ascorbic acid content in relation to the passage of the first wave of spermatozoa through cauda epididymis. The results of this study clearly elucidate that ascorbic acid is involved in metabolism of testis and epididymis in developing postnatal rats, in relation to the increasing demands for attaining a stable hormonal milieu, and the onset of puberty and the passage of the first wave of spermatozoa,via the formation of its free radical monodehydroascorbic acid and charge transfer complex mechanism

    • Acknowledgements

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