The following five new species of Hyphomycetes, collected from the Nilgiris, Madras State, are described in this paper:Arthrobotryum nilgirense on dead bamboo,Ceratosporella deviata on dead leaf base ofRaphilostyles sapida, Periconia nilagirica on dead culms of grass,Stachybotrys nilagirica on dead twigs ofAlthœa rosea, andDrumopama girisa on dead leaves of Gramineæ. Of these,D. girisa is proposed as a gen. et sp. nov. and is placed in the Moniliales-Phæostilbeæ-Amerosporæ.Harpographium fasciculatum Sacc. is recorded from India for the first time.