• Radon concentration of air over the Eastern Arabian Sea

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      Permanent link:
      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/seca/080/03/0109-0115

    • Keywords

       

      Radon; Radon Concentration; Liquid Nitrogen Temperature; Vertical Turbulence; South West Monsoon Period

    • Abstract

       

      The radon concentrations of air samples collected during the South West monsoon period at altitudes up to 4 km over the Arabian Sea at two locations,i.e., 0–50 km and 300–400 km west of Bombay, are reported. Radon was extracted from air, using a simple single stage apparatus. The concentration of radon in the monsoon air mass was found to range around 80–100 dpm/m3 STP, indicative of its recent continental origin. The results suggest that the coastal monsoon air mass, up to 400 km west of Bombay coast, is generally homogeneous and vertically well mixed.

      During the post-monsoon condition, a strong gradient in the radon concentration in the vertical is observed. The concentration of radon decreases from 157 dpm/m3 at sea level to 35 dpm/m3 at about 3·7 km altitude, suggesting a vertical turbulent diffusion coefficient of ∼6×104 cm2/sec. In contrast, the near absence of vertical gradient of radon in the monsoon air mass indicates that the vertical turbulence is much stronger during the monsoon period.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      S G Bhat1 S Krishnaswami1 2 Rama1

      1. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Bombay - 400 005
      2. Physical Research Laboratory, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad - 380 009
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