• Isolation of hibiscitrin from the flowers ofHibiscus sabdariffa: Constitution of Hibiscetin

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    • Keywords


      Flavonol; Acetyl Derivative; Flower Petal; Dimethyl Sulphate; Anhydrous Sodium Acetate

    • Abstract


      A new flavonol glycoside has been isolated from the flower petals ofHibiscus sabdariffa, and has been named Hibiscitrin. Its aglycone, Hibiscetin is a hexahydroxy flavonol forming a heptaacetyl derivative on acetylation. When decomposed with boiling 50% alkali, its heptamethyl ether produces trimethyl gallic acid, indicating thereby the existence of hydroxyl groups in 3′, 4′ and 5′ positions in hibiscetin. On oxidation withp-benzoquinone, the pigment yields the corresponding quinone, and hence it should contain two hydroxyl groups in positions 5 and 8. It resembles gossypetin in many of its properties especially the colour changes with alkaline buffer solutions, and also occurs along with it in the flowers. It is, therefore, expected that the benzopyrone part of hibiscetin would be just the same as in gossypetin, and hence it is assigned the structure of 3∶ 5∶ 7∶ 8∶ 3′∶ 4′∶ 5′-heptahydroxy-flavone.

    • Author Affiliations


      P Suryaprakasa Rao1 T R Seshadri1

      1. Department of Chemistry, Andhra University, Waltair
    • Dates


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