• Colorectal polyp detection in colonoscopy videos using image enhancement and discrete orthonormal stockwell transform

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    • Keywords


      Colonoscopy; discrete orthonormal stockwell transform; support vector machine; colorectal cancer; non-maximum suppression algorithm.

    • Abstract


      Computer-aided detection based on Machine Learning (ML) techniques is increasingly used to detect early-stage colorectal polyps from colonoscopy images. This study presents an efficient ML algorithm that analyses colonoscopy images and accurately detects polyps for reliable diagnosis of the early stages ofColo-Rectal Cancer (CRC). The proposed approach consists of mainly image enhancement, which enhances the low illumination colonoscopy images, followed by feature extraction using Discrete Orthonormal Stockwell Transform (DOST) and classification by a Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier. We present an efficient image enhancement algorithm that highlights the clinically significant features in the colonoscopy image and the DOST feature extraction method to discriminate between the polyp area and non-polyp region in the colonoscopy data. The proposed method has been trained using the publicly available databases CVC ClinicDB and tested using ETIS Larib and CVC ColonDB. A sliding window with NMS-based post-processing is used in theselection of polyps from the test images. The performance measures are found in terms of precision (93.76%), recall (92.71%), F1 score (93.23%) and F2 score (93.54%) for CVC ColonDB database and precision (80.97%), recall (93.12%), F1 score (86.62%) and F2 score (83.13%) for the ETIS Larib database. Comparison with the existing method shows that the proposed approach surpasses the existing one in terms of precision, recall, F1- score, F2-score in the CVC ColonDB, and in terms of recall, F1-score in the Etis Larib database. This method would help doctors with timely evaluation and analysis of anomalies from colonoscopy data, which would help in the early planning of preventive or therapeutic protocols.

    • Author Affiliations



      1. National Institute of Technology, Trichy, Tamilnadu, India
    • Dates

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