Experimental investigations on cryo-machining of Hastelloy C-276 with tool wear characteristics
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The super alloy exhibits great strength and fatigue behaviour when nickel (Ni) is present in major quantities. Moreover, it possesses good corrosive resistant behaviour at high temperatures. However, these alloys are very difficult to machine under normal machining conditions due to their great strength and low heat dissolution. In this work, machining was performed on Hastelloy C276 under various machining conditions (speed, feed and depth) and environments (dry and cryogenic). Liquid nitrogen was used as a coolant in themachining region. The machinability of Hastelloy C276 was investigated with machining forces, temperature, surface roughness and hardness under different cutting conditions. Turning experiments that resulted from passing LN2 drastically reduced temperature by up to 40%. Machining forces were minimal under cryogenic machining due to its effective lubrication property. Surface finish of the machined area improved by about 26% under cryogenic conditions. Both dry and cryogenic machining improved the hardness of the work material. Thehigh cooling efficiency of LN2 improved hardness of the machined surface was about 8-15%. Chip width and side-flow of chip material were reduced under cryogenic cooling. Moreover, adhesion and abrasion wear wereobserved minimally in cryogenic machining compared to dry machining. But no significant difference was observed in notch wear for both types of machining. Machinability of Hastelloy C276 significantly improved when LN2 used as a cutting fluid.
Volume 48, 2023
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