• Power- and time-optimized MMSE-based joint beam-forming with relay selection for future generation MIMO networks using Modified Cuckoo-Search Optimization algorithm

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    • Keywords


      Achievable Sum Rate; Joint beam-forming; MIMO networks; Minimum mean square error; Power efficiency; Relay selection

    • Abstract


      Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) networks operating in millimeter wave frequency band bring promising solutions for the increased demand of future generation networks in terms of data rate, signal quality, power optimization and computational complexity. A joint beam-forming (JBF) system working concurrently on source–relay–destination nodes leads to faithful delivery of signals by mitigating the effect of interferences. The traditional JBF designs in MIMO networks yield power wastage due to undesirable participationof intermediate relay nodes for message forwarding. The computational delay in beam-forming (BF) matrix update is tedious in traditional systems. This paper proposes a novel design of power-optimized JBF that facilitates optimum relay selection for solving power wastage issues. The selected relays co-operate in BF with the power constraint, and all other relays are powered down and enter into sleeping mode. Modified Cuckoo-Search Optimization (MCSO) algorithm is used for relay selection and minimum mean square error algorithm is used for BF matrix calculation. The proposed JBF is able to maximize Achievable Sum Rate (ASR) for optimum value of transmission power. The maximum power efficiency is achieved for distant communication with the aid of selected relays contributing to maximizing the ASR value. The proposed work minimizes the sum of meansquare error and concurrently computes optimum time slot for BF matrix update, and hence computational delay is reduced. Thus a hybrid optimization for power and time in JBF design is achieved with relay selection and it can be widely used in future generation networks for high-quality and interference-free communication

    • Author Affiliations



      1. Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, NSS College of Engineering, APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
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