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    • Keywords


      Moment analysis of solute concentration; heterogeneous porous media; mobile–immobile model; mass-transfer coefficient; time-dependent dispersion

    • Abstract


      Temporal moments of solute transport through porous media are calculated to analyze the time average spatial distribution of solute plume. Simulation of spatially and temporally distributed breakthrough curves (BTCs) is computationally rigorous and lacking the explanation about overall plume evolution within porous media. However, temporal moment provides an attractive and simple solution to study the plume behavior. In this study, temporal moments are presented to interpret solute plume behavior in heterogeneous porous media such as hydraulically coupled stratified porous media with different time-dependent dispersion models. Governing equations of solute transport have been solved numerically using Crank-Nicolson scheme,and further solute concentration data has been utilized to calculate moments of solute concentration using numerical integration. The effect of various parameters such as mass-transfer coefficient, pore-water velocity, time-dependent dispersion coefficients, and porosity of mobile region on the transport of solute has been studied through sensitivity analyses. Temporal moment analysis revealed that the mass recovery, mean residence time,and variance are sensitive to the estimated parameters. Numerical results suggested that the asymptotic timedependentdispersion function with mobile–immobile model represents the plume spreading through heterogeneous porous media in a more realistic manner

    • Author Affiliations



      1. School of Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, Kamand 175005, India
      2. Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Jammu, Jammu 181221, India
    • Dates

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