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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/sadh/043/02/0015

    • Keywords

       

      Document image; spatial resolution; convolutional neural network; super-resolution; document quality; OCR; PSNR; recognition accuracy.

    • Abstract

       

      Experiments performed by us using optical character recognizers (OCRs) show that the character level accuracy of the OCR reduces significantly with decrease in the spatial resolution of document images. There are real life scenarios, where high-resolution (HR) images are not available, where it is desirable toenhance the resolution of the low-resolution (LR) document image. In this paper, our objective is to construct a HR image, given a single LR binary image. The works reported in the literature mostly deal with super-resolutionof natural images, whereas we try to overcome the spatial resolution problem in document images. We have trained and obtained a novel convolutional model based on neural networks, which achieves significant improvement in terms of the peak-signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) of the reconstructed HR images. Using parametric rectified linear units, mean PSNR improvements of 2.32, 4.38, 6.43 and 8.92 dB have been achieved over those of LR input images of 50, 75, 100 and 150 dots per inch (dpi) resolution and average word level accuracy of almost 43%, 45% and 57% on 75 dpi Tamil, English and Kannada images, respectively.

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