Land cover change detection has been a topic of active research in the remote sensing community. Due to enormous amount of data available from satellites, it has attracted the attention of data mining researchers to search a new direction for solution. The Terra Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer(MODIS) vegetation index (EVI/NDVI) data products are used for land cover change detection. These data products are associated with various challenges such as seasonality of data, spatio-temporal correlation, missing values, poor quality measurement, high resolution and high dimensional data. The land cover change detection has often been performed by comparing two or more satellite snapshot images acquired on different dates. The image comparison techniques have a number of limitations. The data mining technique addresses many challenges such as missing value and poor quality measurements present in the data set, by performing the pre-processing of data. Furthermore, the data mining approaches are capable of handling large data sets and also usesome of the inherent characteristics of spatio-temporal data; hence, they can be applied to increasingly immense data set. This paper stretches in detail various data mining algorithms for land cover change detection and each algorithm’s advantages and limitations. Also, an empirical study of some existing land cover change detection algorithms and results have been presented in this paper.