• Application of digital image correlation method for analysing crack variation of reinforced concrete beams

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    • Keywords


      Digital image correlation (DIC); R.C. beam; product quality; crack development.

    • Abstract


      The Digital Image Correlation (DIC) method is a fast-growing emerging technology that provides a low-cost method for measuring the strain of an object. In this study, the feasibility of using this method to observe cracks developed in reinforced concrete beams will be explored so that a practical application can be proposed. The DIC method has been applied for analysing the field of surface displacement and strain; it is not applicable for measuring non-continuous field of displacement. However, if a singular point (i.e., crack points) can be considered as the area of concentrated strain by imitating the treatment of micro-cracks using the finite element method, the region of concentrated strain field based on analyses of digital images can be applied for determining the locations of cracks. Laboratory results show that cracks developed in reinforced cement beams can be observed with a good precision using the von Mises strain field, and that smaller grids lead to clearer crack images. In addition to identifying visible cracks, the DIC image analysis will enable researchers to identify minute cracks that are not visible to naked eyes. Additionally, the DIC method has more accuracy and precision than visual observation for analysing crack loadings so that earlier warnings can be realized before cracks develop in the specimen.

    • Author Affiliations


      Ming-Hsiang Shih1 Wen-Pei Sung2

      1. Department of Civil Engineering, National Chi Nan University, Puli, Nantou 545, Taiwan
      2. Department of Landscape Architecture, National Chin-Yi University of Technology, Taichung 41111, Taiwan
    • Dates

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