Glottal inverse ﬁltering analysis of human voice production— A review of estimation and parameterization methods of the glottal excitation and their applications
Glottal inverse ﬁltering (GIF) refers to methods of estimating the source of voiced speech, the glottal volume velocity waveform. GIF is based on the idea of inversion, in which the effects of the vocal tract and lip radiation are cancelled from the output of the voice production mechanism, the speech signal. This article provides a review on GIF research by examining an era spanning ﬁve decades during which this topic has been under development. The topic is handled from three main perspectives: the estimation methods of the glottal source, the parameterization techniques that have been developed to express the estimated glottal excitations in numerical forms, and the application areas of GIF. Finally, the strengths and limitations of the GIF approach are discussed.