• Turning the Spotlight on Biopolymers and Carbonized Biomass for Environmental Remediation

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      Permanent link:
      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/027/05/0817-0823

    • Keywords

       

      Wastewater treatment, industry effluent, biopolymers, carbonization, cellulose, chitosan, biocomposites.

    • Abstract

       

      This concise article essentially centres on the growing need to develop eco-friendly materials to sequestrate diverse contaminants from wastewater. The perspective emphasizes the importance of biodegradable, polysaccharide-based materials such as cellulose and chitosan and the advantages of diverse functional groups such as hydroxyl and amine in these biopolymers. Tailoring these biopolymers with non-toxic metal oxides for enhanced removal is also discussed. Carbonization of biomass is another aspect discussed in the article. Batch laboratory studies, with regard to the adsorption capacity, regeneration, and stability of these customized materials are of paramount importance before applying them in the treatment of larger volumes of wastewater. These features will open the doors for chemists and chemical engineers to work together and evaluate the viability of upgradation using customized biopolymers and carbonaceous materials to treat industrial effluents.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Rajesh N1

      1. Department of Chemistry, Birla Institute of Technology and Science -Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad 500 078, India.
    • Dates

       

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