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      Permanent link:
      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/025/06/0801-0816

    • Keywords

       

      Systems biology, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, yeast genome, neochromosome, Sc2.0 genome.

    • Abstract

       

      An international consortium of scientists has embarked on the total design and synthesis of all the 16 yeast chromosomes of the laboratory organism, Saccharomyces cerevisiae.Once constructed, the 16 synthetic chromosomes will be consoli-dated into a single yeast strain along with a new 17th yeast chromosome called the “neochromosome” which contains all the tRNA genes, to generate a designer eukaryotic genome, Sc2.0. The key criterion for the stream-lined yeast (Sc2.0) is that it should retain the same cell fitness and phenotype of the wild-type (Sc1.0), but show increased genetic stabil-ity and flexibility to enable future studies. All the 16 syn-thetic yeast chromosomes have been designed using BioStu-dio, an open-source framework that was developed specifi-cally to design and construct chromosome-size fragments in silico. The completely redesigned Sc2.0 genome is a highly modified version of the S. cerevisiaegenome, with a reduction in the size of ∼1.1 million base pairs, which is about 8% of the native genome. In 2017, the Sc2.0 consortium reported the complete synthesis and assembly of 6.5 individual yeast chromosomes in discrete strains and showed consolidation of 2.5 synthetic chromosomes (synIII/synVI/synIXR) into a sin-gle yeast strain that bodes well for the successful completion of the Sc2.0 genome.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Vijayan Sambasivam1 Desirazu N Rao2 Srinivasan Chandrasegaran3

      1. Department of Environmental Health and Engineering Johns Hopkins School of Public Health 615 North Wolfe Street Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.
      2. Department of Biochemistry Division of Biological Sciences Indian Institute of Science Bangalore 560 012, India.
      3. Department of Environmental Health and Engineering Johns Hopkins School of Public Health 615 North Wolfe Street Baltimore, Maryland 21205 USA.
    • Dates

       
  • Resonance – Journal of Science Education | News

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