• Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2019

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    • Keywords


      Hypoxia, normoxia, hypoxia inducible factor (HIF), hypoxia responsive element (HRE), angiogenesis, erythropoietin (EPO), HIF-prolyl hydroxylase, von Hippel Lindau (VHL).

    • Abstract


      The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2019 was awardedjointly toWilliam G. Kaelin Jr. of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe of Francis Crick Institute and University of Oxford and Gregg L. Semenza of Johns Hopkins University for their discovery of how cells sense and respond to varying oxygen levels.

    • Author Affiliations


      Mamatha M Reddy1

      1. LV Prasad Eye Institute Infocity Road, Patia Bhubaneswar 751 024, India.
    • Dates


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