• Fulltext


        Click here to view fulltext PDF

      Permanent link:

    • Keywords


      Platinum nanoparticles; laser ablation; nonlinear optics; Z-scan technique; optical limiting.

    • Abstract


      This paper describes the nonlinear optical and structural properties of the platinum (Pt) colloidal nanoparticle solution in water. A nanosecond fibre laser (1064 nm) with a fluence of 61.1 J/cm$^2$ was used to produce platinum nanoparticles (Pt NPs) in deionised water. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) measurements were used to study the structural and morphological characteristics of the produced Pt NPs. The linear optical properties were examined by UV–visible spectrophotometry. The size distribution of NPs was determined using dynamic light scattering (DLS). Using the DLS data, the Mie scattering theory was employed to predict the plasmonic behaviour of Pt NPs. The Z-scan technique was used for measuring the nonlinear refractive index and absorption coefficients. It was found that the colloidal solution of Pt NPs in water exhibits negative nonlinear refraction and reverse saturable absorption (RSA) properties. The optical limiting threshold intensity of the Pt NPs was also determined. The optical limiting threshold power was determined to be about 30±2 mW. The good optical limiting performance of the Pt NPs can lead to their use in protecting human eyes and delicate optical sensors from unintended exposure to high-power laser radiations.

    • Author Affiliations



      1. Department of Physics, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan 65174, Iran
      2. Photonics and Quantum Technologies Research School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, Tehran, Iran
      3. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Baghdad, Iraq
      4. Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and Materials, Czech Advanced Technology and Research Institute, Palacky University in Olomouc, Slechtitelu 27, 783 71 Olomouc, Czech Republic
    • Dates

  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

© 2022-2023 Indian Academy of Sciences, Bengaluru.