In this work, efficient amplitude-apodization pupils have been presented for tailoring the point spread function (PSF), which results in a decreased full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) and suppressed sidelobes. Comparison of PSF intensity profiles for both the unapodized and apodized cases have been reported. By analysing the resulting PSFs, the well-known effects induced by monochromatic aberrations such as defocussing effect, and the primary spherical aberration have been controlled for various degrees of apodization parameter $\beta$. It is shown that the two-point resolution of the apodized optical system significantly increased in the presence of aberrations. The proposed pupil apodizer is very effective in enhancing the resolution of the optical systems applicable in imaging and focussing applications.
Volume 94, 2020
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