• Empirical formula for beta-particle-induced bremsstrahlung yields

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/pram/094/0136

    • Keywords

       

      Bremsstrahlung; X-ray; bremsstrahlung yield.

    • Abstract

       

      We have measured the $\beta$-particle-induced bremsstrahlung energy yield and photon yield in the energy range 0.1668–2.274 MeV using beta sources such as $^{35}$S (0.1668), $^{99}$Tc (0.293), $^{147}$Pm (0.225), $^{90}$Sr(0.5462), $^{204}$Tl (0.76), $^{91}$Y (1.5), $^{32}$P (1.71) and $^{90}$Y (2.274 MeV) in thick targets of atomic number range $13< Z< 83$. We have used a NaI(Tl) detector to measure the bremsstrahlung radiations. Based on the experimental results, we have constructed a semiempirical formula for $\beta$-particle-induced bremsstrahlung energy yield and photon yield. This formula produces bremsstrahlung energy yield and photon yield in the energy range 0.1668 MeV$ < E_{\rm{max}} < 2.274$ MeV for thick targets within the atomic number range $13 < Z < 83$. The values produced by the present formula are compared with the experiments.

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  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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