• Hadron energy estimation from atmospheric neutrino events

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/pram/094/0118

    • Keywords

       

      Atmospheric neutrinos; energy of hadrons; energy of baryons.

    • Abstract

       

      The iron calorimeter (ICAL) at India-based neutrino observatory (INO) is designed to mainly observe the muons produced in the charged current interactions of atmospheric muon neutrinos and antineutrinos. The track of the muon is reconstructed using the hits they produce in the detector. From this track, the charge, the energy and the direction of the muon are estimated, which are used to do oscillation physics analysis. In a large fraction of events, a number of hadrons are also produced in addition to the muons. The charged hadrons also leave hits in the detector which can be utilised to estimate the hadron energy. In this work, we generate atmospheric neutrino events using two different neutrino event generators: NUANCE and GENIE. The generated events are passed through the Geant4 simulator of ICAL. In each case, we study the relation between hadron hits, defined to be the difference between the total number of hits and the muon track hits, and the hadron energy. We find that a non-negligible number of baryons are produced in atmospheric neutrino interactions. For $E_{had}$ < 5 GeV almost all the hadron energy is carried by these baryons. Finally, we formulate a procedure by which the hadron energy can be estimated from the number of hadron hits.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      M NIZAM1 2 S UMA SANKAR3

      1. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Dr Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India
      2. Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai 400 094, India
      3. Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400 076, India
    • Dates

       
  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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