A systematic generalised approach to find transport observables for a linear array of different quantum dot (QD) systems has been discussed, using non-equilibrium Green function (NEGF) formalism, in the presence of on-dot Coulomb interaction and inter-dot tunnelling. The equation of motion (EOM) method has been used to derive expressions for Green functions (GFs) within the simplest mean-field approximation to tackle the Coulomb correlation term. Starting from the mathematical structures of GFs for single, double and triple quantum dot systems, the expressions for GFs and transport observables have been generalised for the quantum dot systems containing N number of quantum dots in series as well as parallel linear array of dots. Further, the formulae so obtained have been used for numerical calculations of transmission probability and the I –V characteristics of linear arrays of quantum dots in series as well as parallel configuration containing up to three dots. The results show that, with the increase in number of dots in the scattering region, transmission probability and electron current decrease in series case, while both quantities increase in parallel configuration of dots. The inter-dot tunnelling leads to the splitting of transmission peaks in double QD system in series case whereas, it induces Fano effect in triple QD system in parallel configuration.
Volume 95, 2021
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