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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/pram/093/03/0044

    • Keywords

       

      Improved simple equation method; exp($−\Phi(\xi)$)-expansion method; third-order nonlinear Schrödinger equation; periodic solutions; soliton; solitary wave.

    • Abstract

       

      The generalised nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE) of third order is investigated, which accepts one-hump embedded solitons in a single-parameter family. In this paper, we constructed analytical solutions in the form of solitary waves and solitons of third-order NLSE by employing the extended simple equation method and exp($−\Phi(\xi)$)-expansion method. In applied physics and engineering, the obtained exact solutions have important applications. The stability of the model is examined by employing modulational instability which verifies that all the achieved exact solutions are stable. The movements of exact solitons are also presented graphically, which assist the researchers to know the physical interpretation of this complex model. Several such types of problems arising in engineering and physics can be resolved by utilising these reliable, influential and effective methods.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      DIANCHEN LU1 ALY R SEADAWY2 3 JUN WANG1 MUHAMMAD ARSHAD1 UMER FAROOQ1 4

      1. Faculty of Science, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China
      2. Mathematics Department, Faculty of Science, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia
      3. Mathematics Department, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University, Beni Suef, Egypt
      4. Department of Mathematics, Comsats University Islamabad, Park Road, Tarlai Kalan, 44000, Islamabad, Pakistan
    • Dates

       
  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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