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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/pram/091/04/0058

    • Keywords

       

      Sinh-Gordon equation; Ginzburg–Landau equation; optical soliton; periodic wave

    • Abstract

       

      This study reveals the dark, bright, combined dark–bright, singular, combined singular optical solitons and singular periodic solutions to the conformable space–time fractional complex Ginzburg–Landau equation. We reach such solutions via the powerful extended sinh-Gordon equation expansion method (ShGEEM). Constraint conditions that guarantee the existence of valid solitary wave solutions are given. Under suitable choice of the parameter values, interesting three-dimensional graphs of some of the obtained solutions are plotted.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      TUKUR ABDULKADIR SULAIMAN1 2 HACI MEHMET BASKONUS3 HASAN BULUT1 4

      1. Department of Mathematics, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey
      2. Department of Mathematics, Federal University, Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria
      3. Department of Computer Engineering, Munzur University, Tunceli, Turkey
      4. Department of Mathematics Education, Final International University, Kyrenia, Cyprus
    • Dates

       
  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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