Intracavity propagation delay, a delay introduced by a semiconductor diode laser, is found to significantly influence synchronization of multiple semiconductor diode lasers, operated either in stable or in chaotic regime. Two diode lasers coupled in unidirectional scheme is considered in this numerical study. A diode laser subjected to an optical feedback, also called an external cavity diode laser, acts as the transmitter laser (TL). A solitary diode laser acts as the receiver laser (RL). The optical output of the TL is coupled to the RL and laser operating parameters are optimized to achieve synchronization in their output intensities. The time-of-flightbetween the TL and RL introduces an intercavity time delay in the dynamics of RL. In addition to this, an intracavity propagation delay arises as the TL’s field propagated within the RL. This intracavity propagation delay is evaluated by cross-correlation analysis between the output intensities of the lasers. The intracavity propagation delay is found to increase as the external cavity feedback rate of TL is increased, while an increment in the injection rate between the two lasers resulted in a reduction of intracavity propagation delay.
Volume 96, 2022
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