The development of atmospheric disturbances in the tropical region is explained using vibrational resonance, a nonlinear phenomenon. As the Lorenz system is the most plausible model to describe the convective process in a tropical region, the influence of vertical wind shear and tropical waves on the system leading to tropical cyclone has been investigated. The response of the convective region towards vertical wind shear and tropical waves is numerically studied. It was found that the response of the convective system decreases with the absence of any of these environmental factors. The dynamics of the system including resonance phenomenon is studied using phase portraits and Lyapunov dimension. Further, Lyapunov dimension is employed here to characterize the occurrence of resonant peaks.
Volume 96, 2022
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