We have carried out angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and spectromicroscopy studies to understand the metal–insulator transition (MIT) observed in sodium tungsten bronzes, Na𝑥WO3. The experimentally determined band structure is compared with the theoretical calculation based on full-potential linear augmented plane-wave method. It has been found that there is a good gross agreement between experiment and theory. ARPES spectra on the insulating sample show that the states near 𝐸F are localized due to the random distribution of Na in WO3 lattice which causes strong disorder in the system. Our spectromicroscopy measurements on both insulating and metallic samples do not approve percolation model to explain MIT in Na𝑥WO3. Photoemission spectroscopy on metallic samples does not show any Na-induced impurity band (level), which was one of the models to explain MIT. Electron-like Fermi surface(s) has been found from our experiment for metallic samples at the 𝛤(X) point which shows good agreement with band calculation.
Volume 94, 2020
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