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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/pram/083/03/0395-0411

    • Keywords

       

      Fast ignition; catalytic regime; ion beam; tritium breeding; burn dynamics.

    • Abstract

       

      One of the main concerns about the currentworking on nuclear power reactors is the potential hazard of their radioactive waste. There is hope that this issue will be reduced in next generation nuclear fusion power reactors. Reactors will release nuclear energy through microexplosions that occur in a mixture of hydrogen isotopes of deuterium and tritium. However, there exist radiological hazards due to the accumulation of tritium in the blanket layer. A catalytic fusion reaction of DT$_x$ mixture may stand between DD and an equimolar DT approach in which the fusion process continues with a small amount of tritium seed. In this paper, we investigate the possibility of DT$_x$ reaction in the fast ignition (FI) scheme. The kinematic study of the main mechanism of the energy gain–loss term, which may disturb the ignition and burn process, was performed in FI and the optimum values of precompressed fuel and proton beam driver were derived. The recommended values of fuel parameters are: areal density $\rho R \geq 5𝑔\cdot$cm-2 and initial tritium fraction $x \leq 0.025$. For the proton beam, the corresponding optimum interval values are proton average energy $3\leq E_p \leq 10$ MeV, pulse duration $5 \leq t_p \leq 15$ ps and power $5\leq W_p \leq 12 \times 10^{22}$ (keV$\cdot$cm3$\cdot$ps-1). It was proved that under the above conditions, a fast ignition DT$_x$ reaction stays in the catalytic regime.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      B Khanbabaei1 A Ghasemizad1 S Khoshbinfar2

      1. Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
      2. School of Physics, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran
    • Dates

       
  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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