Einstein–Maxwell equations; relativistic astrophysics; charged fluid spheres.
The Einstein–Maxwell equations describing static charged spheres with uniform density and variable electric field intensity are studied. The special case of constant electric field is also studied. The evolution of the model is governed by a hypergeometric differential equation which has a general solution in terms of special functions. Several classes of exact solutions are identified which may be considered as charged generalizations of the incompressible Schwarzschild interior model. An analysis of the physical features is undertaken for the uniform case. It is demonstrated that uniform density spheres with constant electric field intensity are not realizable with isotropic pressures. This highlights the necessity of studying the criteria for physical admissability of gravitating spheres in general relativity which are solutions to the Einstein–Maxwell equations.