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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/pram/080/03/0439-0448

    • Keywords

       

      Gravitational collapse; scalar field; dark energy; apparent horizon.

    • Abstract

       

      It is shown that a scalar field, minimally coupled to gravity, may have collapsing modes even when the energy condition is violated, that is, for $(𝜌 + 3p) < 0$. This result may be useful in the investigation of the possible clustering of dark energy. All the examples dealt with have apparent horizons formed before the formation of singularity. The singularities formed are shell focussing in nature. The density of the scalar field distribution is seen to diverge at singularity. The Ricci scalar also diverges at the singularity. The interior spherically symmetric metric is matched with exterior Vaidya metric at the hypersurface and the appropriate junction conditions are obtained.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Koyel Ganguly1 2 Narayan Banerjee3

      1. Relativity and Cosmology Research Centre, Department of Physics, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700 032, India
      2. St. Xavier’s College, 30 Mother Teresa Sarani, Kolkata 700 016, India
      3. IISER-Kolkata, Mohanpur Campus, P.O. BCKV Main Office, Nadia 741 252, India
    • Dates

       
  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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