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    • Keywords


      Fluctuation theorems; Jarzynski equality; measurement and feedback; mutual information.

    • Abstract


      In this paper, we derive the Jarzynski equality (JE) for an isolated quantum system in three different cases: (i) the full evolution is unitary with no intermediate measurements, (ii) with intermediate measurements of arbitrary observables being performed, and (iii) with intermediate measurements whose outcomes are used to modify the external protocol (feedback). We assume that the measurements will involve errors that are purely classical in nature. Our treatment is based on path probability in state space for each realization. This is in contrast with the formal approach based on projection operator and density matrices. We find that the JE remains unaffected in the second case, but gets modified in the third case where the mutual information between the measured values with the actual eigenvalues must be incorporated into the relation.

    • Author Affiliations


      Shubhashis Rana1 Sourabh Lahiri1 A M Jayannavar1

      1. Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar 751 005, India
    • Dates

  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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      Posted on July 25, 2019

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