• Determination of the optimal parameters for the fabrication of ZnO thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis method

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/pram/078/04/0625-0634

    • Keywords

       

      ZnO; spray pyrolysis; X-ray diffraction; thin films.

    • Abstract

       

      In this work, ZnO thin films have been prepared by spray pyrolysis deposition method on the glass substrates. The effect of deposition parameters, such as deposition rate, substrate temperature and solution volume has been studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) method, UV–Vis–NIR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and electrical measurements. The XRD patterns indicate polycrystalline wurtzite structure with preferred direction along (0 0 2) planes. Thin films have transparency around 90% in the visible range. The optical band gap was determined at 3.27 eV which did not change significantly. Evolution of electrical results containing the carriers' density, sheet resistance and resistivity are in agreement with structural results. All the results suggest the best deposition parameters are: deposition rate, $R = 3$ ml/min, substrate temperature, $T_s = 450^\circ$C and thickness of the thin films $t = 110–130$ nm.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      M Ardyanian1 M M Bagheri-Mohagheghi1 N Sedigh1

      1. School of Physics, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran
    • Dates

       
  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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