Determination of the optical parameters of a-Si:H thin ﬁlms deposited by hot wire–chemical vapour deposition technique using transmission spectrum only
Nabeel A Bakr A M Funde V S Waman M M Kamble R R Hawaldar D P Amalnerkar S W Gosavi S R Jadkar
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Three demonstration samples of intrinsic hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) ﬁlms were deposited using hot wire–chemical vapour deposition (HW–CVD) technique. The optical parameters and the thickness were determined from the extremes of the interference fringes of transmission spectrum in the range of 400–2500 nm using the envelope method. The calculated values of the refractive index (𝑛) were ﬁtted using the two-term Cauchy dispersion relation and the static refractive index values ($n_0$) obtained were 2.799, 2.629 and 3.043 which were in the range of the reported values. The calculated thicknesses for all samples were cross-checked with Taly-Step proﬁlometer and found to be almost equal. Detailed analysis was carried out to obtain the optical band gap ($E_g$) using Tauc’s method and the estimated values were 1.99, 2.01 and 1.75 eV. The optical band gap values were correlated with the hydrogen content ($C_H$) in the samples calculated from Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis. An attempt was made to apply Wemple–DiDomenico single-effective oscillator model to the a-Si:H samples to calculate the optical parameters. The optical band gap obtained by Tauc’s method and the static refractive index calculated from Cauchy ﬁtting are in good agreement with those obtained by the single-effective oscillator model. The real and the imaginary parts of dielectric constant ($\epsilon_r, \epsilon_i$), and the optical conductivity (𝜎) were also calculated.
Nabeel A Bakr1 A M Funde1 V S Waman1 M M Kamble1 R R Hawaldar2 D P Amalnerkar2 S W Gosavi3 S R Jadkar3
Volume 97, 2023
Continuous Article Publishing mode
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