• Application of total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry for trace elemental analysis of rainwater

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/pram/076/02/0361-0366

    • Keywords

       

      Rainwater; total reflection X-ray fluorescence; interlaboratory study; trace elements.

    • Abstract

       

      Applicability of total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF) spectrometry for trace elemental analysis of rainwater samples was studied. The study was used to develop these samples as rainwater standards by the National University of Singapore (NUS). Our laboratory was one of the participants to use TXRF for this study. The rainwater sample obtained from NUS was analysed by TXRF and the trace elements Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, V and Pb were determined as required by the NUS. The average precision was found to be within 16% and the TXRF-determined elemental concentrations of these elements were below $20 \mu g/l$. The average deviation of TXRFdetermined values from the certified values were 20% (excluding the deviation for Fe and V which were comparatively high). Apart from the above elements, S, K, Ca, Rb, Sr, Ba and Br were also determined by TXRF and were found to be in the range of 0.2 to 191 $\mu g/l$. TXRF-determined values of our laboratory played an important role in the certification of concentration of seven elements in this rainwater sample which was later developed as a rainwater standard.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Sangita Dhara1 N L Misra1

      1. Fuel Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085, India
    • Dates

       
  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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