• Comparative performance of some popular artificial neural network algorithms on benchmark and function approximation problems

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/pram/074/02/0307-0324

    • Keywords

       

      Artificial neural network; benchmark problems; function approximation; special functions.

    • Abstract

       

      We report an inter-comparison of some popular algorithms within the artificial neural network domain (viz., local search algorithms, global search algorithms, higher-order algorithms and the hybrid algorithms) by applying them to the standard benchmarking problems like the IRIS data, XOR/N-bit parity and two-spiral problems. Apart from giving a brief description of these algorithms, the results obtained for the above benchmark problems are presented in the paper. The results suggest that while Levenberg–Marquardt algorithm yields the lowest RMS error for the N-bit parity and the two-spiral problems, higher-order neuron algorithm gives the best results for the IRIS data problem. The best results for the XOR problem are obtained with the neuro-fuzzy algo- rithm. The above algorithms were also applied for solving several regression problems such as $\cos(x)$ and a few special functions like the gamma function, the complimentary error function and the upper tail cumulative $\chi^{2}$-distribution function. The results of these regression problems indicate that, among all the ANN algorithms used in the present study, Levenberg–Marquardt algorithm yields the best results. Keeping in view the highly non-linear behaviour and the wide dynamic range of these functions, it is suggested that these functions can also be considered as standard benchmark problems for function approximation using artificial neural networks.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      V K Dhar1 A K Tickoo1 R Koul1 B P Dubey2

      1. Astrophysical Sciences Division; Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085, India
      2. Electronic Instruments & Services Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085, India
    • Dates

       
  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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