• Magnetizing and heating quantum spin ladders

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/pram/071/05/0896-0896

    • Keywords

       

      Neutron scattering; magnetic scattering.

    • Abstract

       

      Quasi-one-dimensional quantum spin liquids, such as weakly coupled even-legged S=1/2 spin ladders or spin tubes, have a singlet non-magnetic ground state and gap in the excitation spectrum. Their low-temperature properties can be described in terms of triplet massive quasiparticles. These magnons possess some unique features due to the peculiar topology of one dimension. For example, two-particle interactions totally destroy single-particle states for certain energy and momentum transfers, resulting in the so-called termination of the magnon spectrum. At high field a Bose–Einstein condensation of these magnons produces a `quantum spin solid' phase, where `conventional` antiferromagnetic order coexists with excitations that are totally outside conventional spin wave theory. At finite temperatures strong repulsion between quasiparticles leads to a universal renormalization of their masses and lifetimes. These diverse phenomena are best probed by neutron scattering experiments that directly measure the spin correlation functions and excitation spectra.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Andrey Zheludev1

      1. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA
    • Dates

       
  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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