• Gd-substituted Bi-2223 superconductor

• # Fulltext

https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/pram/070/03/0535-0541

• # Keywords

High $T_{c}$ superconductors; rare earth impurities; normal state resistivity; transition temperature variations; crystal growth.

• # Abstract

The effects of gadolinium doping at calcium site on the normal and super-conducting properties of Bi-2223 system were studied. The Gd-doped (BiPb)-2223 series of specimens, namely Batch I, II and III were sintered at three different sintering temperatures 830, 850 and $895^{\circ}$C respectively. The properties investigated are (1) the normal state resistivity with a view to study metal-to-insulator transition, (2) the XRD patterns of the specimens with a view to study the relative composition of (BiPb)-2212 and (BiPb)-2223 phases and (3) the superconducting fluctuation behaviour (SFB) with a view to determine the effect of doping, if any, on the dimensionality of the fluctuation conductivity of the system. The normal state resistivity of Gd-substituted Bi-2223 specimens shows metallic, semiconducting and insulating behaviour. The $T_{c}(R = 0)$ values indicate that (BiPb)-2223 phase is responsible for the observed superconducting transitions in Batch I and Batch II specimens with Gd concentrations $x \leq 0.7$. This observation is further confirmed in the analysis of XRD patterns of these specimens. Gadolinium, being a magnetic impurity, has pair breaking effect near the Fermi level and decreases $T_{c}(R = 0)$. The analysis of the superconducting fluctuation behaviour (SFB) shows a 2D dimensionality without any cross-over.

• # Author Affiliations

1. Government Post Graduate College, Berinag, Pithoragarh, Uttaranchal, India
2. National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi 110 012, India

• # Pramana – Journal of Physics

Volume 94, 2020
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Posted on July 25, 2019

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