• Atomic displacements due to interstitial hydrogen in Cu and Pd

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    • Keywords

       

      Atomic displacements; density functional theory; Kanzaki method.

    • Abstract

       

      The density functional theory (DFT) is used to study the atomic interactions in transition metal-based interstitial alloys. The strain field is calculated in the discrete lattice model using Kanzaki method. The total energy and hence atomic forces between interstitial hydrogen and transition metal hosts are calculated using DFT. The norm-conserving pseudopotentials for H, Cu and Pd are generated self-consistently. The dynamical matrices are evaluated considering interaction up to first nearest neighbors whereas impurity-induced forces are calculated with M32H shell (where M = Cu and Pd). The atomic displacements produced by interstitial hydrogen at the octahedral site in Cu and Pd show displacements of $7.36$% and $4.3$% of the first nearest neighbors respectively. Both Cu and Pd lattices show lattice expansion due to the presence of hydrogen and the obtained average lattice expansion $\Delta V /V = 0.177$ for Cu and 0.145 for Pd.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Hitesh Sharma1 S Prakash2

      1. Department of Applied Science, Rayat and Bahra Institute of Engineering and Bio-Technology, Sahauran, Mohali 140 104, India
      2. Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, India
    • Dates

       
  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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