• Thermal hydraulic studies of spallation target for one-way coupled Indian accelerator driven systems with low energy proton beam

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    • Keywords


      Accelerator driven systems (ADS); lead-bismuth-eutectic (LBE); neutron spallation target; FLUKA; CFD; window.

    • Abstract


      BARC has recently proposed a one-way coupled ADS reactor. This reactor requires typically $\sim 1$ GeV proton beam with 2 mA of current. Approximately 8 kW of heat is deposited in the window of the target. Circulating liquid metal target (lead/lead-bismuth-eutectic) has to extract this heat and this is a critical R&D problem to be solved. At present there are very few accelerators, which can give few mA and high-energy proton beam. However, accelerators with low energy and hundreds of micro-ampere current are commercially available. In view of this, it is proposed in this paper to simulate beam window heating of $\sim 8$ kW in the target with low-energy proton beam. Detailed thermal analysis in the spallation and window region has been carried out to study the capability of heat extraction by circulating LBE for a typical target loop with a proton beam of 30 MeV energy and current of 0.267 mA. The heat deposition study is carried out using FLUKA code and flow analysis by CFD code. The detailed analysis of this work is presented in this paper.

    • Author Affiliations


      V Mantha1 A K Mohanty2 P Satyamurthy1

      1. Laser and Plasma Technology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085, India
      2. Nuclear Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085, India
    • Dates

  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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