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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/pram/068/02/0201-0212

    • Keywords

       

      Neutron production; radioactive targets; reaction rates; accelerator driven systems; transmutation.

    • Abstract

       

      Target-blanket facility `Energy + Transmutation' was irradiated by proton beam extracted from the Nuclotron Accelerator in Laboratory of High Energies of Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia. Neutrons generated by the spallation reactions of 0.7, 1.0, 1.5 and 2 GeV protons and lead target interact with subcritical uranium blanket. In the neutron field outside the blanket, radioactive iodine, neptunium, plutonium and americium samples were irradiated and transmutation reaction yields (residual nuclei production yields) have been determined using 𝛾-spectroscopy. Neutron field's energy distribution has also been studied using a set of threshold detectors. Results of transmutation studies of 129I, 237Np, 238Pu, 239Pu and 241Am are presented.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      J Adam1 2 K Katovsky1 3 A Balabekyan4 V G Kalinnikov1 M I Krivopustov1 H Kumawat1 5 A A Solnyshkin1 V I Stegailov1 S G Stetsenko1 V M Tsoupko-Sitnikov1 W Westmeier6

      1. Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna near Moscow, 141 980 Russian Federation
      2. Czech Academy of Sciences, Nuclear Physics Institute, Řež near Prague, 250 68 Czech Republic
      3. Department of Nuclear Reactors, Czech Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic
      4. Yerevan State University, 1 Alex Manoogian Street, Yerevan, 375049, Armenia
      5. HENP Laboratory, Physics Department, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India
      6. Fachbereich Chemie, Philipps-Universität, 35032 Marburg, Germany
    • Dates

       
  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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