Transmutation of 129I, 237Np, 238Pu, 239Pu, and 241Am using neutrons produced in target-blanket system `Energy plus Transmutation' by relativistic protons
J Adam K Katovsky A Balabekyan V G Kalinnikov M I Krivopustov H Kumawat A A Solnyshkin V I Stegailov S G Stetsenko V M Tsoupko-Sitnikov W Westmeier
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Target-blanket facility `Energy + Transmutation' was irradiated by proton beam extracted from the Nuclotron Accelerator in Laboratory of High Energies of Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia. Neutrons generated by the spallation reactions of 0.7, 1.0, 1.5 and 2 GeV protons and lead target interact with subcritical uranium blanket. In the neutron field outside the blanket, radioactive iodine, neptunium, plutonium and americium samples were irradiated and transmutation reaction yields (residual nuclei production yields) have been determined using 𝛾-spectroscopy. Neutron field's energy distribution has also been studied using a set of threshold detectors. Results of transmutation studies of 129I, 237Np, 238Pu, 239Pu and 241Am are presented.
J Adam1 2 K Katovsky1 3 A Balabekyan4 V G Kalinnikov1 M I Krivopustov1 H Kumawat1 5 A A Solnyshkin1 V I Stegailov1 S G Stetsenko1 V M Tsoupko-Sitnikov1 W Westmeier6
Volume 97, 2023
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