Dependence of amplification without inversion (AWI) on the relative strength of probe and coherent field Rabi frequencies has been studied in H2 and LiH molecules for three-level Λ configuration. We have derived exact analytical expressions for coherences and populations keeping all the orders of probe field Rabi frequency (G) and coherent field Rabi frequency. (Θ) in the steady state limit. Previously, first-order approximation (i.e. keeping only the first-order term in G) was used and hence AWI was studied for the condition Θ>>G. Here, by using the exact analytical expressions of coherences and populations, we have shown that AWI is maximum when Θ is within the same order of probe field Rabi frequency G irrespective of the choice of different ro-vibrational transitions in both the molecules. However, the shape of the gain profile and the maximum value of gain on the probe field and the absorption on coherent field depend on the choice of different ro-vibrational levels as the upper lasing levels. Effect of bidirectional pumping, homogeneous and inhomogeneous broadening on AWI process has been studied. By solving the density matrix equations numerically it has been shown that both the transient and the steady state AWI can be obtained and the numerical values of coherences and populations at large time are in very good agreement with exact analytical values in the steady state limit. It has been shown that in molecules AWI can be obtained on probe field of smaller wavelength than that of the coherent field which has not been observed in atoms so far.
Volume 96, 2022
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