• Chain length effect on dynamical structure of poly (vinyl pyrrolidone)-polar solvent mixtures in dilute solution of dioxane studied by microwave dielectric relaxation measurement

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/pram/067/02/0375-0381

    • Keywords

       

      Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone); polar solvents; binary mixtures; dielectric relaxation time; molecular dynamics; solvent effect

    • Abstract

       

      Dielectric relaxation study of the binary mixtures of poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) (Mw=24000, 40000 and 360000 g mol−1) with ethyl alcohol (EA) and poly(ethylene glycol)s (PEGs) (Mw=200 and 400 g mol−1) in dilute solutions of dioxane were carried out at 10.1 GHz and 35°C. The relaxation time of PVP-EA mixtures was interpreted by the consideration of a wait-and-switch model in the local structure of self-associated ethyl alcohol molecules and also the PVP chain length as a geometric constraint for the reorientational motion of ethyl alcohol molecules. The formation of complexes and effect of PVP chain length on the molecular dynamics, chain flexibility and stretching of PEG molecules in PVP-PEG mixtures were explored from the comparative values of dielectric relaxation time. Further, relaxation time values in dioxane and benzene solvent confirm the viscosity independent molecular dynamics in PVP-EA mixtures but the values vary significantly with the non-polar solvent environment.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      R J Sengwa1 Sonu Sankhla1

      1. Microwave Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, J N V University, Jodhpur - 342 005, India
    • Dates

       
  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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