Bifurcations and chaos in the ubiquitous Duffing oscillator equation with different external periodic forces are studied numerically. The external periodic forces considered are sine wave, square wave, rectified since wave, symmetric saw-tooth wave, asymmetric saw-tooth wave, rectangular wave with amplitude-dependent width and modulus of sine wave. Period doubling bifurcations, chaos, intermittency, periodic windows and reverse period doubling bifurcations are found to occur due to the applied forces. A comparative study of the effect of various forces is performed.
Volume 97, 2023
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