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    • Keywords

       

      Ultra high vacuum chamber; inert gas condensation technique; nanocrystalline materials; lead fluoride; Mn2+ -doped lead fluoride; indium tin oxide; zinc oxide; tin oxide; copper oxide; PMN-PT; high resolution transmission electron microscopy; nuclear magnetic resonance

    • Abstract

       

      The ultra high vacuum chamber was developed in the Department of Nuclear Physics, University of Madras with the funding from DST, India. This UHV chamber is used to prepare nanocrystalline materials by inert gas condensation technique (IGCT). Nanocrystalline materials such as PbF2, Mn2+-doped PbF2, Sn-doped In2O3 (ITO), ZnO, Al2O3, Ag2O, CdO, CuO, ZnSe:ZnO etc., were prepared by this technique and characterized. Results of some of these materials will be presented in this paper. In solid-state207Pb NMR on PbF2 a separate signal due to the presence of grain boundary has been observed. The structural phase transition pressure during the phase transformation from the cubic phase to orthorhombic phase under high pressure shows an increase with the decrease in grain size. Presence of electronic centres in nanocrystalline PbF2 is observed from Raman studies and the same has been confirmed by photoluminescence studies. Al2O3 was prepared and56Fe ions were implanted. After implantation segregation of56Fe ions was examined by SEM. The oxidation properties of ITO were studied by HRTEM. As against the expectation of oxide coating on individual nanograins of In-Sn alloy, ITO nanograins grew into faceted nanograins on heat treatment in air and O2 atmosphere. The growth of ITO under O2 atmosphere showed pentagon symmetry. The PMN was initially prepared by solid-state reaction. Further, this PMN relaxor material will be used to convert into nanocrystalline PMN by IGCT with sputtering and will be studied

    • Author Affiliations

       

      S Ramasamy1 D J Smith2 P Thangadurai1 K Ravichandran1 T Prakash1 K PAdmaprasad1 V Sabarinathan1

      1. Department of Nuclear Physics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai - 600 025, India
      2. Center for Solid State Sciences and Center for High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ - 85287-1704, USA
    • Dates

       
  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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