• Fission fragment angular distribution in alpha-particle-induced fission of actinide elements

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/pram/045/06/0519-0531

    • Keywords

       

      Angular distribution; angular momentum; fission cross-section; alpha particle; fission width; neutron emission width; nuclear track detectors

    • Abstract

       

      Using Lexan polycarbonate plastic as the fission fragment track detectors, the fragment angular distributions have been measured in the cases of fission of232Th and238U induced by alpha particles of various energies ranging from 40 to 70MeV obtained from the 88″ variable energy cyclotron at Calcutta. The center-of-mass angular distributions have been calculated and fitted by a series of Legendre polynomials. TheW(10°)/W(90°) ratios (defined as anisotropy) were measured at several energies for both the targets. These data are utilized in calculation of the energy dependence ofK02, the standard deviation of the distribution in the angular momentum projection on the nuclear symmetry axis at the saddle point. Values of Γfη, i.e. the ratio of the fission width to neutron emission width have been determined for232Th and238U nuclei. The integral cross-section for alpha induced fission in each target was determined by numerical integration of the respective center-of-mass angular differential cross-sections. The results were compared with similar data available in the literature which served to resolve some of the discrepancies observed in earlier measurements. The results were also compared with theoretical cross-sections.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      R K Jain1 S K Bose1 J Rama Rao1

      1. Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi - 221 005, India
    • Dates

       
  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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