Results of temperature and frequency dependent a.c. conductivity of pure and nickel-doped a-As2S3 are reported. The a.c. conductivity of pure As2S3 obeys a well-known relationship: σac ∝ωs. Frequency exponents is found to decrease with increasing temperature. Correlated barrier hopping (CBH) model successfully explains the entire behaviour of a.c. conductivity with respect to temperature and frequency for pure As2S3. But a different behaviour of a.c. conductivity has been observed for the nickel doped As2S3. At higher temperatures, distinct peaks have been observed in the plots of temperature dependence of a.c. conductivity. The frequency dependent behaviour of a.c. conductivity (σac ∝ωs) for nickeldoped As2S3 is similar to pure As2S3 at lower temperatures. But at higher temperatures, ln σac vs lnf curves have been found to deviate from linearity. Such a behaviour has been explained by assuming that nickel doping gives rise to some neutral defect states (D0′) in the band gap. Single polaron hopping is expected to occur between theseD0‘ andD+ states. Furthermore, allD+,D0′ pairs are assumed to be equivalent, having a fixed relaxation time at a given temperature. The contribution of this relaxation to a.c. conductivity is found to be responsible for the observed peak in the plots of temperature dependence of a.c. conductivity for nickel-doped As2S3. The entire behaviour of a.c. conductivity with respect to temperature and frequency has been explained by using CBH and “simple pair” models. Theoretical results obtained by using these models, have been found to be in agreement with the experimental results.
Volume 94, 2020
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