The differential cross-sections for the emission of M shell fluorescent X-rays from Th by 5·95 keV photons at eight angles ranging from 50° to 120° have been measured. The differential cross-section is found to decrease with increase in the emission angle showing anisotropic spatial distribution of M shell fluorescent X-rays. The present results contradict the predictions of the calculations of Cooper and Zare  that the atomic inner shell vacancy states produced in photoionization are not aligned but confirm those of Fluggeet al  and Scofield  that the vacancy states withJ > 1/2 are aligned. The integral M shell fluorescent emission cross sections have been determined from the measured angular distribution coefficients and compared with theoretical integral cross-sections calculated by using theoretical values of M subshell photoionization cross-sections, fluorescence yields and coster kronig transition probabilities available in literature. The experimental and theoretical values of integral crosssections show a reasonable agreement.
Volume 96, 2022
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