• Estimates of the number of quantal bound states in one and three dimensions

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    • Keywords


      Bound on number of states; zeros of wave-function; Schrödinger equation; s-wave; effective potential; number of gaps between consecutive minima points of the potential

    • Abstract


      Using the relation between the number of bound states and the number of zeros of the radial eigen-functionψ(r), or equivalently, that ofφ(r)=(r) in the range 0⩽r⩽∞, the upper bounds on the number of bound states generated by potentialV(r) in different angular momentum channels are obtained in three dimension. Using a similar procedure, the upper bound on the number of bound states in one dimension is also deduced. The analysis is restricted to a class of potentials for whichE=0 is the threshold. By taking a number of specific examples, it is demonstrated that both in one and three dimensions, the estimate of the upper bound obtained by this procedure is very close to or equal to the exact number of bound states. The correlation of the present method with the Levison’s theorem and WKB approximation is discussed.

    • Author Affiliations


      Swagata Nandi1 C S Shastry1

      1. Department of Physics, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong - 793 003, India
    • Dates

  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

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