Exponentiation problem in the construction of an effective low-momentum Hamiltonian for bosons
The problem of exponentiation of connected-graph contributionsC, when one carries out only a partial trace of the density matrix of an assembly of bosons in order to construct an effective, low-momentum Hamiltonian, is examined. It is found that besides accounting for the exponentiation of connected graphs, disconnected graphs contribute certain termsD to connected-graph contributions. TheD-terms diminish as the number of iterations increases in the Singh’s renormalization-group theory for the present system. Therefore, these terms play no role in determining critical behaviour of the system.
Volume 96, 2022
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